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Une semaine sur la Syrie, semaine 7 de 2020

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Une semaine sur la Syrie,

Semaine 7 de l’an 2020

Nous continuons inlassablement, grâce à notre infatigable veilleur et archiviste, à offrir à nos lecteurs cette rubrique hebdomadaire composée d’une sélection d’articles, informations, études et rapports glanés sur la semaine qui précède.

En fin de rubrique, une série d’évènements de la semaine à venir et  liés à la Syrie est proposée.

Dessin de Marc Nelson
Civils en fuite dans le Grand Idleb, Décembre 2019

1– Rapports et Etudes:

-Northwest Syria, 800,000+ people displaced since 1 December , In just 4 days, approx 142,000+ fled, The humanitarian situation is critical, with ongoing hostilities, harsh winter conditions, and severe needs. #Idleb https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/recent-developments-northwest-syria-situation-report-no-8-13-february?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=shared&utm_source=twitter.com

Violations Documentation Center in Syria (VDC) Summry Report Of Maarat al-Numan http://vdc-sy.net/maaret_numan_report_1_20-en/

2-Idlib:

-Why the human catastrophe in #Syria is very likely to get worse soon

https://news.sky.com/story/why-the-human-catastrophe-in-syria-is-very-likely-to-get-worse-soon-11932468

Idlib exposes deep fissures among the stakeholders in #Syria‘s future https://thenational.ae/opinion/comment/idlib-exposes-deep-fissures-among-the-stakeholders-in-syria-s-future-1.975829…

-A doctor in Idlib: ‘It cannot get more evil than this’. Dr Tarraf is one of the heroic doctors in #idlib who spends his days saving lives – An inspiration to us all. https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/doctor-idlib-evil-200212170030154.html

-Harrowing images of Syria’s latest young tiny victims, hit by an airstrike as Bashar al-Assad moved to crush rebels. #Syria https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7997373/Harrowing-images-Syrias-latest-young-victims.html

[email protected] Meanwhile, tens of thousands of civilians are fleeing their homes to escape bombardment. https://www.channel4.com/news/turkey-bolstering-military-support-for-rebel-forces-in-syria

@arwaCNN reporting on the misery and life threatening situation of the hundreds of thousands of children and women close to the #Syria n Turkish borders. Please donate, share to help ease the suffering of those innocent people. https://edition.cnn.com/videos/world/2020/02/14/syria-displaced-family-mother-turkey-russia-assad-damon-nd-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/around-the-world/

-Freezing Weather Compounds Crisis for War-Weary Displaced in #Syria. At least 10 Syrians fleeing the war have died due to the icy cold weather in Idlib, including a family who died of hypothermia & a family who suffocated trying to stay warm. https://apnews.com/52d30188834728eb14db69515916cdd5

-Syrians scramble for refuge against harsh winter as Idlib attacks fuel crisis – Syria – https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/syria/syrians-scramble-for-refuge-against-harsh-winter-as-idlib-attacks-fuel-crisis-1.8523045

-Russian, Assad warplanes target SNA-controlled Atarib in western Aleppo https://english.enabbaladi.net/archives/2020/02/russian-assad-warplanes-target-sna-controlled-atarib-in-western-aleppo/

Saraqeb Fall of Syrian town delivers strategic and symbolic prize to Assad. Last week the regime returned to the town, ending eight years of resistance at the nation’s crossroads. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/10/fall-of-syrian-town-delivers-strategic-and-symbolic-prize-to-assad?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

-A newly-displaced resident of north #Syria’s  Ariha writes of her historic hometown, renowned since antiquity for its greenery, now reduced to empty piles of bloodstained rubble. https://aljumhuriya.net/en/content/ariha-ancient-syrian-town-emptied-and-destroyed

3-Agir pour Idlib:

– Violet organization @org_violet in coordination with Molham Volunteering Team. You can cooperate with us and help to save a life through your donations: https://violetsyria.org/en/project/5481/

-Empêcher un bain de sang aux conséquences incalculables à Idlib https://lemonde.fr/idees/article/2020/02/13/syrie-empecher-un-bain-de-sang-a-idlib_6029441_3232.html…

-« But Western interests in Syria did not cease to exist…If Syria’s trajectory continues along its present course, Americans are going to be hearing a lot more about it. And soon. » #Syria https://www.commentarymagazine.com/foreign-policy/middle-east/syria/youre-going-to-be-hearing-a-lot-more-about-syria-soon/

– Appel à sauver les civils d’Idlib. @BelgiumUN https://plus.lesoir.be/279591/article/2020-02-13/syrie-il-faut-sauver-les-civils-didlib

-We don’t need more calls for a ceasefire. We need enforcement. From the 2012 UN ceasefire on, Assad used every ceasefire as cover for more killing. Enforce UNSCR 2139. Deter. Retaliate. Ground Assad. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/12/call-for-urgent-action-to-end-crisis-in-idlib

-Idlib’s doctors and medical staff are calling on @antonioguterres, the UN secretary general, to intervene personally. He should go there – see for himself the wreck of humanity, the ruin of a nation & the shame of a once-proud international system of laws. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/feb/09/the-observer-view-on-the-war-in-syria?CMP=share_btn_tw

-Les Casques blancs donnent tout. Donnez ce que vous pouvez pour soutenir leur mission vitale. #Syrie https://www.whitehelmets.org/fr/

-The scale of suffering in Idlib is just unfathomable. One father, recently displaced: “I feel a sense of powerlessness. I am unable to keep my children safe and warm, or find a place to live for them.” https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/syria-idlib-russia-turkey-civilians-assad-united-nations-a9332236.html

-My name is Ahlam. I am a displaced child in Idlib. I lost all of my friends. They were killed in airstrike in my village. I am here in this camp. There is no school. There is a lot of mud. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sqmtlvh-vvE&feature=youtu.be

-Turquie : #Turkey‘s #Erdogan produced a blistering speech aimed [primarily] at #Assad, declaring that #Syria‘s aircraft would not be able to « move freely anymore » & that #TSK would « chase » Syrian forces out of the #Sochi-delineated borders. A good overview: https://middleeasteye.net/news/turkey-hit-aircraft-targeting-civilians-idlib-erdogan-announces

4-Aide humanitaire:

-What is happening in Syria now is beyond words and understanding. Maternity and neonatal hospitals repeatedly targeted by bombs. Hundreds of thousands of people trapped in a war zone. This. must. stop. Silence is complicity. https://www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m451.full?fbclid=IwAR3_sI_XaRhV_0VTIYxvkZPP3pFz7tekwCampNbprHKOR2lDVzulT_FLDHY

Les distributions de nourriture du PAM dans le nord-ouest du pays : « Nous sommes profondément préoccupés par le sort de milliers de familles qui ont dû quitter leur maison par des températures hivernales glaciales en quête de sécurité dans des camps déjà surpeuplés ». https://news.un.org/fr/story/2020/02/1061761

5-Education: –When discussing Moscow’s role in the Syrian conflict, much of the public and scholarly attention is squarely focused on the multiple dimensions of Russian “hard power” and exercise of brute force and rightfully so. But there are other tools also. https://medium.com/@ruslantrad/russias-youth-strategy-for-syria-fbd5bd071049

6-Refugees:

– Easing Syrian Refugees’ Plight in Lebanon. Most Syrian refugees in Lebanon have thought many times about going home but, in the end, deemed the risks too great. Donors should increase aid allowing the Lebanese government to continue hosting the Syrians, so that any decision they make to leave is truly voluntary. https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/lebanon/211-easing-syrian-refugees-plight-lebanon

#Syrian refugees in #Lebanon are facing worsening living conditions amid a period of political uncertainty, including growing calls for their repatriation despite #Syria still largely unsafe‘  https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/indepth/2020/2/5/lebanons-economic-crisis-is-hitting-syrian-refugees-hard

-A Plausible Solution to the #Syria n Refugee Crisis https://nationalinterest.org/blog/middle-east-watch/plausible-solution-syrian-refugee-crisis-121231

7- Le régime et la société :

-On post-conflict Damascus, and first piece from @SynapsNetwork from a Syrian contributor. How to love a city away from stereotypes. https://www.synaps.network/post/life-in-damascus-syria

#Damascus Women in Male Occupations… Coast Crowded With Widows | https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/2121351/damascus-women-male-occupations-coast-crowded-widows

-Fleeing Lattakia: The Fate of Two Young Women Who Refused to Marry “Shabiha.” Women risk their lives, if they refuse marriage proposals.  https://syrianobserver.com/EN/features/56054/fleeing-lattakia-the-fate-of-two-young-women-who-refused-to-marry-shabiha.html

Autopsy of the #Syrian Desert Hawks, an #Assad militia, Good example of link politics of coercion &economics of loyalty in wartime autocracy. https://www.clingendael.org/publication/syrian-desert-hawks-flying-no-more

-Soldiers loyal to Assad are vandalizing graves in towns they’re conquering in Idlib. I wrote about how 9 years of war crimes & intl inaction have normalized things like starvation sieges and bombing hospitals, and this latest savagery https://thenational.ae/opinion/comment/in-syria-where-even-the-dead-are-not-left-in-peace-1.978136…

-The Assad regime and its « devouring of corpses » policy, as one basis of its violence strategy against the Syrians. https://vendredis-arabes.blogspot.com/2020/02/syria-regime-of-looting-and-devouring.html

-Rateb Osman al-Jabawi was arrested after he was summoned to the headquarters of the Cultural Center in the town of Jassem in December 2018. https://syrianobserver.com/EN/news/56050/after-spending-more-than-a-year-in-prison-rateb-al-jabawi-dies.html

-Russie :

– Dans le Nord-Est #syrie n, une occupation en cache souvent une autre https://lorientlejour.com/article/1205701/dans-le-nord-est-syrien-une-occupation-en-cache-souvent-une-autre.html…

-Could Putin’s Syria policy come undone now over Idlib; The battle for Idlib is the most severe test of Moscow’s effort to be all things to all protagonists in Syria.  https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-02-11/putin-has-painted-russia-into-a-syrian-corner

-Russia Conscripts Young Men in Damascus Countryside to Fight in Libya. Fighters travelling to Libya can earn 800 dollars a month. https://syrianobserver.com/EN/news/56052/russia-conscripts-young-men-in-damascus-countryside-to-fight-in-libya.html

-Daech:

-Assad’s other terrorists return to the fold, w/ Khamenei also keen to use their skills. ‘Former Iranian diplomat […] Amir Mousavi, revealed yesterday that some of detained Daesh members joined the Syrian regime forces and participated in their battles.’ https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200210-ex-iran-diplomat-daesh-prisoners-joined-syria-regime-army/

-ISIS is not just surviving but thriving, @masrour_barzani, the prime minister of Iraqi Kurdistan says. An alarming picture of the extent of the ISIS revival from a leader who’s played a key role in the U.S.-led war from the start.  https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/02/kurdish-leader-isis-conflict-iraq-iran/606502/

8-Patrimoine :  -Salafists and antiquities trafficking in Syria. This report by Olivier Moos investigates how #Salafist groups conduct and manage the illegal #trafficking of #antiquities in #Syria, with a particular focus on #Idleb Governorate. https://english.religion.info/2020/02/11/antiquities-trafficking-in-syria/

9- Les nouvelles consciences de la société syrienne :

– The husband, Muhammad, lost his wife, the civil engineer, Malak of Kheppieah, 29 years old, by an airstrike on their home in #Irbin#EasternGhouta. to Know more about their love story: https://facebook.com/309212095826510/posts/2792883190792709/…

#Syrie 15 Février 2011, Le premier graffiti https://creativememory.org/fr/chronology-of-the-revolution-and-the-syrian-war/2011-2013-from-the-revolution-to-the-chemical-weapon/?fbclid=IwAR3sgO6tAlKwx0V1Qs8plpeKHY8XQqgB7jgOnt-sB5lq_kUyRduL6DyBi_k#event-le-premier-graffiti 

– Waad al Kateab, Dr. Amani Ballour and other great free Syrians are heroes beyond any prize. “If Russia wasn’t backing the Syrian regime, we never would have been standing here… we would speak about an amazing revolution with a very successful end.”’ https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/for-sama-director-waad-al-khateab-embroidered-dress-syria-oscars-2020

-En Syrie, le seul médecin légiste de Raqqa à deux reprises, à un an d’intervalle. « Les morts sont au paradis et les vivants, en enfer » https://lorientlejour.com/article/1206255/en-syrie-avec-le-seul-medecin-legiste-de-la-cite-des-morts-.html…

-L’insurrection en Syrie- Zones subversives http://www.zones-subversives.com/2020/01/la-revolution-en-syrie.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

-For defectors, life in Syria can be particularly dangerous. https://syrianobserver.com/EN/news/56046/activists-launch-center-to-secure-army-defectors.html

-Despite the scale of the humanitarian catastrophe in Idlib, the international community has not done much to pressure Russia or the regime to stop their military campaign and the systematic targeting of civilians, writes @HaidHaid22. https://syria.chathamhouse.org/research/idlib-activists-put-pressure-on-west-with-break-the-border-campaign…

-A lovely story here – meet the youngster who came to the UK from war-torn Syria and is now a star winger on his under 15s Welsh village rugby team. https://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/young-syrian-refugee-who-star-17712523

-Troisième nationalité la plus représentée hors Europe, la communauté #syrie nne à Bruxelles s’implante durablement https://rtbf.be/info/regions/detail_la-communaute-syrienne-a-bruxelles-s-implante-durablement-a-bruxelles?id=10432547&utm_source=rtbfinfo&utm_campaign=social_share&utm_medium=twitter_share…

10- Justice et vérité:

-Did One of Protagonists of For Sama Film Appear in Photo with Combatant who Beheaded Palestinian Captive in Aleppo? https://verify-sy.com/public/en/details/1538/Did-One-of-Protagonists-of-For-Sama-Film-Appear-in-Photo-with-Combatant-who-Beheaded-Palestinian-Captive-in-Aleppo-#.XkNxY2-Lo-o.twitter…

-Soupçonné de crimes contre l’humanité, un ex-soldat #syrie n remis en liberté. https://www.bfmtv.com/international/soupconne-de-crimes-contre-l-humanite-un-ex-soldat-syrien-remis-en-liberte-1858731.html

11-EU: –  « The Idlib tragedy is a challenge for Europe » #Syria https://www.institutmontaigne.org/en/blog/idlib-tragedy-challenge-europe

12-France: –Interesting report by @RymMomtaz on  @EmmanuelMacron & Putin’s #Russia. Obviously the main foreign & European policy (contentious) issue now. Can we deal with an aggressive and criminal power without undermining our security, unity & values? https://www.politico.eu/article/emmanuel-macron-russian-roulette-vladimir-putin-security-partner/

13-US : -As they consider how many Syrian civilians they will slaughter and how many they will stampede in the direction of Turkey, should Messrs. Putin and Assad be spared all worry that Washington would come to the aid of Ankara with decisive military support?

« If one wants effective diplomacy aimed at stopping the slaughter and protecting the peace, back it up with something more than hand-wringing communiques. » @FredericHof on the devastation in #Idlib https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/menasource/american-passivity-and-weakness-shines-in-idlib-province/

14-Analyse et politique: – “Although Turkish forces have pushed back against local Syrian and proxy forces to a certain degree, Ankara will shy away from a broader military confrontation with Russia over Idlib.” @WashInstitute Where are the #US? Where is #Europe?

: https://washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/turkeys-options-for-pressuring-russia-in-idlib-are-limited

– Munich Security Conference, ‘They’ll be spewed onto Europe’: 3 million #Syria n refugees could soon flee Bashar Assad. https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/theyll-be-spewed-onto-europe-3-million-syrian-refugees-could-soon-flee-bashar-assad

@Munsecconf « Once again, Europe is helpless and powerless, even though all the values the continent stands for are being brutally bombed. » Guest commentary: Declaration of moral bankruptcy in Idlib,  https://www.dw.com/en/opinion-declaration-of-moral-bankruptcy-in-idlib/a-52386817?maca=en-Twitter-sharing

15-Cinéma:

-Oscars 2020 : The Cave expose l’enfer du quotidien dans un hôpital syrien  https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/en-bref/oscars-2020-cave-expose-lenfer-du-quotidien-dans-un-hopital-syrien?fbclid=IwAR3iK1qxcJkZGKh7ebzpo7VPRiU-kA_BUu0Q-hEarYnOn3tyo2UTfpesiv0

-New cinema in Syria: The revolution continues, but so does censorship https://syriauntold.com/?p=62282 via @SyriaUntold #Syria #Cinema

-The diasporic alienation of Syrian cinema https://syriauntold.com/?p=62409 via @SyriaUntold

16- Interview : -Omar Youssef Souleimane : « On ne parle jamais du rôle immense des femmes dans la révolution #syrie nne » http://nova.fr/podcast/marie-transport/omar-youssef-souleimane-ne-parle-jamais-du-role-immense-des-femmes-dans-la;via=laradionova

17-Art :  – Graffiti in the Syrian revolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=5&v=x1nVQVFOa8k&feature=emb_logo

18-Table ronde:

#Syrie : à Idleb, « des familles entières vivent dans le désespoir » @fkontar78@MrjDucloshttps://eur1.fr/nADxEcw via @europe1

– En Syrie, le régime mène une offensive contre les jihadistes et les groupes rebelles d’Idlib mais un autre conflit se dessine aussi avec la Turquie voisine. Les chercheurs @ThomasPierret et David Rigoulet- http://www.rfi.fr/fr/podcasts/20200210-pacte-turquie-russie-%C3%A9branl%C3%A9-loffensive-r%C3%A9gime-syrien-%C3%A0-idlib

19-Livre:

-« tribal ties have proved essential in keeping regimes in the #MiddleEast stable. Bashar’s ignoring of this fact played a key role in his losing support in areas that later rose up against him.  https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/crp/2020/02/12/book-review-state-and-tribes-in-syria-informal-alliances-and-conflict-patterns-by-haian-dukhan/

-Requiem pour une jeunesse syrienne sacrifiée @omarsouleimane #Syrie https://lorientlitteraire.com/article_details.php?cid=31&nid=7808

20-Les Syriens :

-What life’s like as a Syrian refugee living in West London #Syria  https://www.mylondon.news/news/west-london-news/syrian-refugee-describes-what-its-17708206?utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=sharebar

-Pont-à-Mousson | De la #Syrie jusqu’à la porte de l’association AMI, le parcours de Lorka, journaliste réfugié –  https://www.estrepublicain.fr/edition-pont-a-mousson/2020/02/08/de-la-syrie-jusqu-a-la-porte-de-l-association-ami-le-parcours-de-lorka-journaliste-refugie

-How two #Syria n refugee families had their hopes of new start in Guelph shattered (6 photos) https://guelphtoday.com/local-news/how-two-syrian-refugee-families-had-their-hopes-of-new-start-in-guelph-shattered-6-photos-2078151…

– Digital lifeline for refugees in Bulgaria — and beyond #Syria https://france24.com/en/20200209-digital-lifeline-for-refugees-in-bulgaria-and-beyond… via @FRANCE24

21- La Syrie à Paris:

Expo Syrie témoigner à tout prix ! photos de Firas Abdullah et du Ghouta Media Center https://www.facebook.com/events/s/exposition-syrie-temoigner-a-t/2569224093176138/

-Expo, « Refuge » sur le parvis de la mairie de Paris via @MSF_France  https://www.msf.fr/evenements/exposition-photo-refuge-sur-le-parvis-de-la-mairie-de-paris

-Samedi 22 février, 18h30, L’Odysée Ziryab, https://www.facebook.com/events/s/lodysee-ziryab/592263744677411/

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